NB: Where your workplace health and safety risks include matters specified in the regulations see below , you MUST meet the regulated minimum standard. The Plan-Do-Check-Act risk management framework describes four steps that can help you with managing all your workplace health and safety risks. The process is used to identify, assess and manage risks.
Once you've assessed the workplace risks associated with your business, you need to decide how you will manage them section 30 HSWA. In addition, there are also specific duties in relation to a range of other matters, including a duty to provide supervision, training and management and a duty to provide workplace facilities. In some cases, it is appropriate to implement the four-step model.
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In other cases, the regulations identify specific steps that must be taken by a Council or a PCBU, which need not exclude the use of the four-step process to identify other control measures that may be applied. In other cases, they are still in force, and in some cases both sets of regulations can apply. Some of these duties are discussed further below. More information can be found here. Councils must ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that every worker who carries out work of any kind, uses plant of any kind, or deals with a substance of any kind that is capable of causing a risk in a workplace—.
The PCBU must ensure that the supervision and training provided to a worker are suitable and adequate, having regard to—. The PCBU must ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that the training is readily understandable by any person to whom it is provided. A Council must ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that adequate facilities are provided for workers at a workplace, including toilets, drinking water, hand-washing facilities, meal break facilities, and facilities where workers can rest if it is not reasonable for a worker to leave the workplace if they become unwell.
A Council must also ensure that the following facilities are provided for workers at a workplace if the work is of such a nature that the facilities are reasonably likely to be required:. A Council must ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that the facilities provided are sufficient in number and are maintained so as to be in good working order; clean, safe, and accessible.
A PCBU must ensure that an emergency plan is prepared and maintained for the workplace. The emergency plan must:. A PCBU who directs the carrying out of work at a workplace must provide personal protective equipment to workers carrying out the work unless:. In addition, the PCBU must provide the worker with information about, and training and instruction in,—. The worker must wear or use the personal protective equipment in accordance with any information, training, or reasonable instruction by the PCBU.
A PCBU who directs the carrying out of work at a workplace must ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that—. A person other than a worker must wear or use personal protective equipment at a workplace in accordance with any information, training, or reasonable instruction provided by the PCBU at the workplace. Exposure monitoring means the measurement and evaluation of exposure to a health hazard experienced by a person; and includes—.
A PCBU with management or control of a workplace must ensure that no person at the workplace is exposed to a substance hazardous to health in a concentration that exceeds the prescribed exposure standard for the substance. If the PCBU is not certain on reasonable grounds whether the concentration of a substance hazardous to health at the workplace exceeds the relevant prescribed exposure standard, the PCBU must ensure that exposure monitoring is carried out to determine the concentration.
A record of exposure monitoring results made available to any person at the workplace must not contain any information that identifies, or discloses anything about, an individual worker. Health monitoring, in relation to an individual, means monitoring of the individual to identify any changes in his or her health status because of exposure to certain health hazards. A Council who is required by regulations to provide health monitoring to a worker must give specified information to—. A PCBU must ensure that the health monitoring of a worker is carried out by or under the supervision of an occupational health practitioner with experience in health monitoring.
A PCBU who commissions health monitoring of a worker must, as soon as practicable after monitoring is carried out, take all reasonable steps to obtain a health monitoring report from the occupational health practitioner who carried out or supervised the health monitoring. A Council must ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that no worker aged under 15 years carries out the following types of work:. This does not apply in relation to a worker aged under 15 years who is carrying out administrative or retail work in a business or undertaking that does work of the types specified.
A Council with management or control of a workplace must ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that no person aged under 15 years is present in any area of the workplace at any time when—. This does NOT apply in relation to a person aged under 15 years who is present at all times—. A PCBU with management or control of a workplace must ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that no worker aged under 15 years is required to lift any weight or to perform any task of lifting the weight or performing the task would be likely to be harmful to the worker's health.
Other duties to young persons include ensuring they do NOT :. Every employer must, so far as is reasonably practicable, ensure, in relation to every workplace under the control of that employer, that, where any employee may fall more than 3 metres,—. Have a look at industry-specific guidance and examples for these health and safety topics to help get you started.
This diagram depicts the four-step model pictorially. Step 1 - Plan Identify Hazards and Assess Risks : Identify the work hazards and risks that could harm workers or other persons. To identify the risks to be managed, think about: who is exposed to the hazard how likely could harm arising from the hazard occur what could happen if harm does occur Step 2 - Do Manage : Then work out what you can do to: reduce how serious the harm is if it does occur prevent or reduce the chances of the harm occurring You must then decide how you will deal with a risk - eliminate e.
This may include workplace exposure monitoring and worker health monitoring to measure the effectiveness of your controls. Step 4 - Act Review : Review for continuous improvement. Workplaces change. View the Health and Safety at Work Act The first step in managing a risk or hazard is to identify it.
Occupational hazards and diseases related to the practice of anesthesiology
The University of Otago has an online risk assessment and hazard management system, Vault, to identify risks or hazards within the university workplace to create controls. All workers should know how to access the department's register, and how to report a risk or hazard. All risks and hazards should be reported using the Vault system. All workers and students are able to report a risk or hazard through the Vault online portal. Hazards are things that exist and can cause harm such as a drill press , where risk is the combined likelihood of that hazard being in use or circumstance that allows harm.
For example, a guarded drill press that is used by a trained and experienced person and it is the right tool for the job is unlikely to cause harm and be used in a same manner i. The purpose of risk and hazard management is to ensure that the work that is required to be done, with the tools and processes is managed to minimise the risk of harm to any person on campus.
The HSWA focuses on the management of work related risks and hazards, and requires the university to follow this sequence:.
When a risk or hazard is identified, it must be assessed for control through elimination or minimisation. Elimination: This is when the risk or hazard is removed from the workplace, such as removing a hazardous substance that is no longer required. Even though the risk or hazard is removed, it must be recorded in the register. If you are substituting a risk or hazard with another substance or process, be sure to complete the risk and hazard identification for the new process or substance. Record the decision in the register.
Minimisation: Where elimination is impracticable, minimise the risk or hazard through appropriate controls, such as PPE, work organisation factors, etc. This means that the risk or hazard still exists but exposure to the hazard is controlled to manage the risk. When a risk or hazard is managed by minimisation, it's a requirement to monitor workers exposure to the risk or hazard in addition to monitoring their health in relation to the exposure. Monitoring the risk or hazard ensures the control is effective. If any of these risks or hazards are applicable to your department, contact the Health and Safety Team to arrange the necessary monitoring.
Although the university is responsible for health monitoring, the principles of privacy, human rights and discrimination apply. The University Occupation Health Nurse provides noise monitoring and lung function monitoring.
Work requiring Health Monitoring
If the risk and hazard register indicates these controls in relation to risks or hazards e. Worker involvement is a key part of the legislation, as workers who do the work are usually aware of the risks and hazards and have ideas on ways of controlling them. Workers are also responsible for themselves, and to ensure their work does not become a risk or hazard to them or any other person.
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